Periodontology is the study of the periodontium and its diseases.
Malocclusions can be both the cause and consequence of diseases of the periodontium (periodontitis) which can lead to bone loss and tooth loss.
In clinical terms, an increasing diversification of the front with tilting, distortions and crooked teeth, gingival recession and inflamed gums that tend to bleed under light pressure frequently occur.
The treatment of the periodontium (periodontitis) must come before any orthodontic treatment. It is the prerequisite for low-risk orthodontic treatment. Orthodontics can improve the hygiene of the interdental spaces by resolving crowding, protect the periodontium from overstressing by removing disruptive occlusal contact and contribute to partial bone recovery and harmonisation of the gingival margin by moving the appropriate teeth.